Monday – March 28, 2011 – Traveling to Puno – Stops at Piquillacta and Andahuaylillas
Today we will take the long journey on the motorcoach, more than 5 hours, from Cusco to Puno. But we will stop at a few places along the route which makes the bus ride much more appealing that a 4 or 5 hour train ride. Several of these images are from the bus as we headed to Puno.
The first place we stopped was Piquillacta; one of the site that remain of the aqueducts built by the Huari (Wari) Empire. These pre-Inca people established architecturally distinctive administrative centers in many of its provinces and their ruins demonstrate that they had a rather advanced social and political society.
Piquillacta, in Southern Quechua Piki Llaqta (City of fleas), is a large Huari archaeological site 20km east of Cusco in the province of Quispicanchi. The site is also known as Piki Llacta, Pikillacta or Piquillacta.
The Wari (Spanish: Huari) were a Middle Horizon civilization that flourished in the south-central Andes and coastal area of modern-day Peru, from about CE 500 to 1000. Many of the practices of the Wari were later adopted by the Inca. Among theses practices were the use of ayllu (agricultural terraces) and mit’a labor (non-reciprocal labor tribute for the state). The Wari were the first to use the quipu (knotted cords to keep count of items), which became a famous instrument of the Incan Empire.
Our next stop was Andahuaylillas where we visited the “Church of San Pedro of Andahuaylillas”. This church was built in 1631 and believed to be one of the earliest Catholic churches constructed by the Conquistadores. Like many of the Catholic churches, it is built on an Inca temple. Unfortunately, photography was restricted in the church so no images to share.
The interior is covered with Baroque art and many decorations. It has numerous and beautiful paintings of the “Escuela Cusqueña” or “Academy of Cusco”. There also is the mural by Luis de Riaño representing the path to glory and the path to hell. http://www.perutourism.com/info/andahuaylillas.htm